The article „‘New Media‘ Bring a New Set of Problems” by Bill Mitchell talks about how the new media bring new problems regarding ethics and values because there are no guidelines yet. Problems mentioned are whether mistakes made need to be pointed out, if they can simply be changed and re-posted or if there should be a corrections column, if the fast medium is as accurate and complete as other news outlets, privacy issues and whether journalists should use invasive tools such as the internet, the manipulation of images and whether copying something is considered plagiarism or if it is only sharing.
I believe that aspiring journalists should care about this because the internet became very popular over the years and makes an impact on most people these days. Even though it is nothing explicitly “new” anymore, I believe that some of the issues described are still present.
Even if journalists already had to find guidelines how they act regarding ethics and values, there is always the question about what is appropriate to post and what is not since the availability of information can make us destroy some people’s lives.
Also, aspiring journalists need to consider whether to put photos which have been altered or not. Photos that are for the viewer unknowingly changed don’t display the reality so the reporter has to determine what changes may still show the truth and what is too much alteration.
It is also important to know that copying other reporter’s information got very common and to be unique, a journalist needs to go out on his or her own and get information. Even if the information is the same, the story will always turn out differently. I believe that uniqueness is important in journalism these days, especially because everybody can call him- or herself a journalist.
There are simply a lot of ethical questions reporters need to be aware of before starting the career because they might not even think about it while working.
The article “Women journalists confront harassment, sexism when using social media” by Jeff Sonderman talks about how the invention of social media created new forms of harassment towards women which is a barrier in their reporting. This especially appears in sports and politics. Some users might show an interest in a female reporter and become private so that it is important for these women not to post private things and to think about with whom they share it. The article gives the hint to delete comments and block users if necessary.
I think this is especially important for aspiring female journalists to care about because they need to be aware of what might happen during their career and how to prevent such incidences to occur. Having the knowledge can help avoid uncomfortable situations and help women not to take rude, offensive or sexual comments too close to their hearts. Future journalists need to learn not to stay in the usual social network habit such as posting private information which can be seen by everyone. It is necessary to be more professional and to keep it on a journalistic level.
Since the semester is almost over and all stories need to be done until the middle of December, the weeks get more and more stressful. I am working on various stories to the same time which keeps me very busy throughout the day. Even if I only got one VO-SOT done during my story week, I am now working on various VO-SOTS and packages.
The VO-SOT I shot last week was about “A Night of One Acts,” a show presented by Lindenwood students which had the audience laughing. What I learned from the shoot is that reporters always need to care about copyright material. I was thinking about it before I went to the theater but started videotaping the whole show so that I had b-roll of all acts. In the end, the professor came up to warn me that I need to take care what to put into the newscast. He told me that one of the acts has been written by him and one by a student so that he allowed me to put those into the show. It opened my eyes how much journalists need to take care of material that they might not have the right to use.
Besides that, I learned about the lighting. Since I shot my VO-SOT in a dark theater, I had to experience with the iris of the camera a little. This, however, was only an issue before the play started when I wanted to get b-roll of the audience. During the show, the stage was well-lit and I had no problems to get nice shots.
In addition, I started working on my Philippines storm package. Until now, I learned how important it is to be spontaneous and up for an interview at all times. When I went to Sibley Chapel to get b-roll of the prayer vigil, I only thought about interviewing people who did their prayers. However, when I walked in, there was nobody praying to that time, but I met other people in there that made an interesting source. I learned that most people are willing to talk to you if you ask in a friendly and appropriate way and that it is necessary to come up with questions right away.
I also worked on a basketball VO-SOT within the last two weeks. When I did this, I learned how important it is to pick the right person to interview. A sports story can lose its value when the quotes don’t reflect valuable facts about the game or a coach’s or player’s opinion. I noticed that it is best to schedule interviews beforehand to be sure to get a valuable source and to avoid stress for oneself and the person interviewed. Knowing about an interview beforehand makes the person more likely to talk.
Furthermore, I was responsible for the teleprompter quite often during the past weeks since we don’t have an assistant producer anymore who used to do this task. Like that, I got more practice and started feeling very comfortable being on the teleprompter.
In whole, I learned that deadlines are stressful which becomes especially notable now when the end of the semester approaches. I think I can feel what a real reporter feels like which prepares me for my future career.
Learning by doing.
When looking at the last two weeks, I learned a lot by doing.
I worked on two packages from which I got new and different insights into broadcast journalism. One package was about the World Series. I had the chance to go downtown and talk to fans right before and during the fourth game of the World Series.
When working on packages, I get very different ideas about broadcast journalism than in the studio. Whereas the work in the studio is only slightly different from day to day, actually being on the field is always something new and you can´t expect what will happen next.
When I was in St. Louis, I learned a lot about sound. Since there was a large crowd downtown before the game cheering for their team, it was a challenge to get the audio right. Like that, I learned a lot about recording sound, as well as about sound in Post-Production, when I had to adjust a couple of sound bites.
Besides that, I learned by experience how stressful going out and reporting about a live event can be. When having an interview, you need to come up with questions and follow-up questions right away. Also, a stand-up cannot be pre-planned. The reporter needs to observe what is happening and report on what is going on right at that moment. I learned that it is important to stay calm and not to get choked up about the stressful situation.
Also, it was important to have the ability to decide on whom to interview. Random fans? Unique fans? We tried to find people who were special in some way to make the story even more interesting. I learned that it is necessary to keep one’s eyes open constantly despite the many things to do. Otherwise you might miss an interesting interview opportunity.
My second package was about the Marching Band Championship on Lindenwood’s campus. Here I experienced that it is important to have a variety of different shots, including wide, medium and tight shots. The reason for especially noticing it during this event is that even if the performances were different, the b-roll would have looked quite similar when I stayed at the same spot throughout the shoot. There are not a lot of different pictures since all bands play and march.
Also, I noticed problems with the white balance a couple of shoots before. On some cameras they seem to work a little different than on others. During the Marching Band Shoot I had the chance to figure out where the difference is and how to make it work on all cameras.
Moreover, I realized what kind of an advantage it is to have connections. I had a friend with me for a while who was part of Lindenwood’s band in the past so she knew a large number of people who were in the band and might be willing to do an interview. Like that, I got valuable interviews which I could use for my package.
During my David Beito Vo-Sot, I also learned something new about sound. The sound didn’t seem to work in the beginning, so I had to inspect the camera deeply. I noticed a button that I´ve never seen before which will help me in the future when something doesn´t sound right. It is one more option on the camera which might have the wrong setting and might keep me from getting the audio I am looking for.
In general, I noticed how my use of the commands improved, such as working the teleprompter. It just became more common and I got used to it over the weeks so that mistakes barely happen anymore.
Practice makes perfect.
When working in journalism, you will need to be prepared for many issues in the industry. To these issues belong originality problems in what is being reported, as well as the problem of being constantly stressed by an overload of work and time pressure.
The article “Journalism has an originality problem, not a plagiarism problem” by Kelly McBride talks about how journalism changed in a way that reporters don´t always go out anymore to get information, but go on the internet first to read about what has been written about that topic already. This happened because of the development of technology. The author says that journalists rely on other people´s work these days where they should probably get more information on their own to avoid plagiarism and originality issues.
I think it is important for aspiring journalists to read the article because they need to know that copying or paraphrasing other journalist´s work won´t make themselves good journalists, even if the article might be newsworthy. They should know what to do to become different than other journalists so that they can set themselves apart and create outstanding journalism. People should recognize your work between all the journalistic works which are out there these days because only unique work can be remembered at this point in time, in which even 10-year-olds can do journalism with their smartphones . Knowing the dangers of being tempted to be lazy and using the internet instead of going out to collect own information might keep them from doing so. Besides that, I believe that many journalists primarily see the positive things about the internet when it comes to getting their jobs done. It is an easy access to sources and information; however, stealing someone else´s work and copying wrong information must be kept in mind also.
The article “5 ways journalists can mitigate stress on the job” by Genevieve Belmaker talks about how stressful being a journalist is because of deadlines, but also because of the sometimes tough stories to cover. With the aid of the article, future journalists can learn how to handle the stress. To that belongs thinking about one´s own health first, to document experiences and to take breaks.
I think this article is especially important for aspiring journalists because they do not know what they can expect from working as a journalist. They cannot know how stressful it is and by reading about it, they can at least prepare mentally for it. Of course, it is difficult to imagine how stressful a situation can be, but I think the article prepares future journalists on what they can do in case they get into this situation. Reading the article can be a first aid when being stressed for the first time because the reader understands that stress is normal in that area and that it can be overcome.
In whole, I believe that it is important for aspiring journalists to know where they are going into. By reading articles which address the situation, they become aware of what they can expect from their future career and can prepare mentally and physically. When having an idea about what will come in the future, disappointments or bad surprises can be avoided and a fun and interesting career expected. Tips are always helpful and aspiring journalists should take advantage of what is out there.